Bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum, FACU) is another common native fern in Florida. However, this fern usually occurs in uplands. The fern's fiddleheads (immature tightly curled emerging fronds) are consumed, either cooked or pickled, in many cultures around the world.
Cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum, FACW) is one of the more common ferns that typically occurs in and around wetlands. It is a living fossil with geologic records dating as far back as 180 million years ago. It grows in clumps with the cinnamon-colored, fertile fronds arising from its center.
Caesarweed or Congo jute (Urena lobata, FAC) is a Cat. 1 FLEPPC invasive. It has spread worldwide due to it's highly effective hitch-hiking bur seed. The stalk is very fibrous and can be used to create extremely strong cordage. As you may have guessed, it is in the same family as the Hibiscus (Malvaceae).
Dog fennel, or occasionally called mayweed (Eupatorium capillifolium, FAC), is a perennial herbaceous plant in the sunflower family. Don fennel is highly toxic to the liver. However, as an essential oil it has strong anti-fungal properties.
Frogfruit or turkey tangle (Phyla nodiflora, FAC) is a common lawn weed throughout Florida. It is also well distributed throughout the tropics around the world. In India, it is used medicinally.
Creeping oxeye or as it was previously known, Wedelia (Sphagneticola trilobata, EPPC II) is a facultative species that is well distributed throughout our State. It is a mat forming perennial herb that spreads vegetatively because it is commonly used as an ornamental.
American Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana, FACU), or just pokeweed, is very common throughout our State. It grows up to 8-ft tall and is an important food source for some songbirds. Although the berries may look tempting, they are extremely toxic most mammals.
There are over 20 different species of goldenrod (Solidago spp.) in Florida. Some of the more common species include Leavenworth's goldenrod (Solidago leavenworthii, FACW), Chapman's goldenrod (Solidago odora var. chapmanii), seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens, FACW), and Wand goldenrod (Solidago stricta, FACW). Most species lean towards being in wetter environments though some upland varieties do exist.
Pictured above is the Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens) .
Swamp tupelo or swamp black-gum (Nyssa biflora) is a wetland tree (OBL) that can grow to over 100-feet tall. It is common throughout Florida's swamps. Recently it was determined to be a separate species from black-gum (Nyssa sylvatica).
Peruvian primrose willow (Ludwigia peruviana) is a EPPC I invasive that is well establish throughout Florida. It prefers marshy wetland areas like ditches, lake shores, and swamp edges and can grow up to 12-feet in height.
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